Sauries are marine epipelagic fish which live in tropical and temperate waters. These fish often jump while swimming near the surface, skimming the water. The jaws of sauries are beak-like, ranging from long, slender beaks to relatively short ones with lower jaw only slightly elongated. The mouth openings of sauries, however, are relatively small and the jaws are weakly toothed. A row of small finlets behind the dorsal and anal fins is also a feature of sauries. An unusual feature of these fish is that they lack swim bladders. Sauries grow to a maximum length of about 46 cm. They are harvested commercially as a food fish.
The name Scomberesocidae is derived from the Greek, skombros = tunny/mackerel, and esox = nursery of salmon.
TriviaThe Saury, a Sargo-class submarine, was the only ship of the United States Navy to be named for this fish.
saury in German: Makrelenhechte
saury in Spanish: Scomberesocidae
saury in French: Scomberesocidae
saury in Lithuanian: Lydekinės skumbrės
saury in Dutch: Makreelgepen
saury in Polish: Makreloszowate
saury in Russian: Сайра
saury in Chinese: 秋刀魚科