AskDefine | Define saury

Dictionary Definition

saury n : slender long-beaked fish of temperate Atlantic waters [syn: billfish, Scomberesox saurus]

Extensive Definition

Sauries are fish of the family Scomberesocidae. There are two genera, each containing two species.
Sauries are marine epipelagic fish which live in tropical and temperate waters. These fish often jump while swimming near the surface, skimming the water. The jaws of sauries are beak-like, ranging from long, slender beaks to relatively short ones with lower jaw only slightly elongated. The mouth openings of sauries, however, are relatively small and the jaws are weakly toothed. A row of small finlets behind the dorsal and anal fins is also a feature of sauries. An unusual feature of these fish is that they lack swim bladders. Sauries grow to a maximum length of about 46 cm. They are harvested commercially as a food fish.
Sauries first appear in the fossil record in the upper Tertiary, Miocene.
The name Scomberesocidae is derived from the Greek, skombros = tunny/mackerel, and esox = nursery of salmon.
Pacific saury are consumed often in Japanese and Korean cuisine. The fish is usually grilled.

Species

Trivia

The Saury, a Sargo-class submarine, was the only ship of the United States Navy to be named for this fish.

References

saury in German: Makrelenhechte
saury in Spanish: Scomberesocidae
saury in French: Scomberesocidae
saury in Lithuanian: Lydekinės skumbrės
saury in Dutch: Makreelgepen
saury in Polish: Makreloszowate
saury in Russian: Сайра
saury in Chinese: 秋刀魚科
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